1 - What is the Route of the Romanesque?
The Route of the Romanesque consists of 58 monuments located in the 12 municipalities that make up the NUT III - Tâmega. The theme for the combination of these monuments - monasteries, churches, memorials, bridges, castles and towers - is the Romanesque architecture and its relevance within the territory of the Tâmega and Sousa.
2 - Why is the Route of the Romanesque important?
The Tâmega and Sousa represents an important period in the history of Portugal - the beginning of the Nationality. The fact that it was already well populated, especially by some of the most important noble families of the time and by respected religious orders, made this area one of the pillars of the Reconquest and the assertion of the First Monarchy. Visiting the monuments of Route of the Romanesque is going back in time to an era when these locations were crossing spots for Portuguese kings, their armies and where some important battles were fought.
3 - What are the differences between the Romanesque, the Roman and the Romantic?
The Romanesque is the western Christian art developed between the 11th and the 13th centuries which combines barbaric and western elements with the legacy of Rome, from which it takes its name.
Roman was the state of Antiquity, formed from the city of Rome, founded in 753 BC and which lasted until 510 a. C., being ruled by seven kings. Then, and until 31 a. C., Rome occupied the entire Mediterranean basin imposing its republican regime. The Roman Empire then lasted till to 476 d. C. in search of a civilization common to all peoples. In 395 the empire was divided after the death of Theodosius. The Eastern Empire remained until 1453, while the West Empire collapsed in 476 at the hands of the barbarians.
Romantic is the name of the literary and artistic movement of the early nineteenth century, which sought to break away from the corsets of neoclassicism and academism, cultivating in its followers the taste for exotic settings, the return to the medieval world and the exaltation of the individual and nature.
4 - What is the importance of this region for the Nationality?
Of the five main noble families who lived in the area that later would become Portugal, three held here important land. The Ribadouro, the Sousas or Sousões, and the Baião were the owners of large estates here, which were the home of the men and women who contributed with their blood to the victory over the Moors that occupied the Iberian Peninsula, and its members rode alongside Count D. Henrique and his descendants in decisive battles. The money of these noblemen also allowed the clergy and religious orders to construct monasteries and churches that were used to settle populations, while their masters contributed towards the education of the noblemen.