General Information
Igreja de Santa Maria de Jazente  
See Map
  • Name: Church of Saint Mary of Jazente
  • Typology: Church
  • Classification: Public Interest Building, by Decree 129/77, DR 226 of 29th September 1977
  • Municipality: Amarante
  • Patron Saint´s Day: Saint Mary - 15th August 
  • Worship Hours: Saturday - 5.30 pm (winter) or 6.30 (summer); sunday - 8 am 
  • Visiting Hours: By appointment   
  • Support Services:
  • Telephone : 255 810 706 / 918 116 488  
  • Fax: 255 810 709   
  • E-Mail: rotadoromanico@valsousa.pt    
  • Web: www.rotadoromanico.com   
  • Location:
    Rua da Igreja, Jazente, Amarante, Porto.
  • Geographic Coordinates: 41° 14' 37.93" N / 8° 3' 28.72" O 
History
History
Ouvir

Church of Jazente (Photo: © SIPA – IHRU)Memory has left us little on the history of this Church. Scarce testimonies have come to us besides what can be told by the stones of the building itself. Therefore, information on this Church prior to the 18th century is scarce.

Evidence suggests that it would be a Church belonging to a religious institution, with subsidiary chapels, but without sacrarium or an epigraphed tomb. It was, then, part of the county of Gestaçô.

Another fact is its connection to the so-called abbot of Jazente, real name Paulino Cabral, known for his mundane life in the city of Porto, where he participated in gatherings and parties.

In 1864, in response to the survey conducted by the Director of Public Works of Porto, who sought to know the condition of the churches in the diocese of Porto, the clergyman of Jazente claimed the Church to be in good condition.

Already in the 30s of the 20th century, several conservation works were carried out, certainly at the expense of the parish: these works included the removal of the plaster on the interior and exterior vestments, the cleaning of the vestments on the Church's façade, on the inside and outside of the chancel and in part of its body.

In the 60s and after several reminders by the priests of the parish, DGEMN – Direção Geral dos Edifícios e Monumentos Nacionais [General Directorate for Buildings and National Monuments] opened the process for the classification of the Church, which was concluded on September 29th, 1977 with the classification of the Church as a Building of Public Interest.

Historical Figures
Ouvir

Paulino António Cabral, abbot of Jazente (1719-1789)
Named Paulino António Cabral and popularly known as the abbot of Jazente, this religious and literary personality was born in Quinta do Reguengo, parish of São Pedro da Lomba, county of Amarante, on May 6th, 1719 and died on November 20th, 1789 in that same parish.

He studied at Coimbra and was one of those who attended the “Arcadia Portuense” that would gather by the end of 1760. He was the priest of Jazente 1753 to 1783, year in which, due to his illness, he abandoned it.

Although a clergyman, wrote poetry narrating Epicurean and Horatian love, thus also providing relevant biographical data on his personality, life and pleasures: hunting, fishing, gambling, fine dining, his weaknesses, his sad ageing or loves (there were rumours of a possible affair with Nise, anagram of Inês da Cunha).

The same works are also important sources for the history of Amarante portraying, for example, the collapse of the medieval bridge on February 10th, 1763 and the removal of the cruise that stood in the middle of the bridge.

Chronology
Ouvir

950 - According to Domingos Moreira, the toponym Jacenti de Tamecha is already referred;

1258 - Abbess Margarida bears witness to the “Inquirições” [administrative enquiries] of King Afonso III;

1623 - The Church features no sacrarium;

1719, May 6th - Paulino António Cabral, future abbot of Jazente and Arcadian writer is born in São Pedro de Lomba,

1726 - Craesbeeck states that the Church has no sacrarium and it is then the abbey of the ordinary of Porto, abbot Bernardo Vieira de Macedo;

1752 - Paulino Antonio Cabral enters the service of the parish of Jazente;

1789 - Paulino António Cabral, writer and abbot of Jazente, dies in Amarante;

1930-1960 - Works are carried out on the Church's interiors and structure;

2010 - Integration of the Church of Saint Mary of Jazente in the Route of the Romanesque;

2013-2014 - General conservation, protection and enhancement of the Church, under the scope of the Route of the Romanesque;

2015 - General conservation of the Church at the level of vestments, woodwork ceilings and doors, and remodelling of the religious celebration area, under the scope of the Route of the Romanesque.

Specialities
Architecture
Ouvir

The data that persisted over time allow us to consider that we have found a Church built in the late 13th century, if not already in the 14th century, thus integrating itself in what has been called the “românico de resistência” [resistance Romanesque], widespread in this region of the Tâmega and Sousa.

Consisting of a single nave and rectangular chevet (the latter being lower and narrower than the nave), the Church of Jazente stands out for the homogeneity of its construction, little changed over time.
Plans of the Church of Jazente

The main façade is dominated by the main portal, consisting of two slightly broken archivolts that rest directly on the height of the wall.

It tympanum is supported by corbels that rest on a sort of pillar decorated with vertical grooves. This tympanum is perforated by a large cross with a central disc, with another cross along the lintel.

Still on this façade, a narrow crevice is surmounted by the belfry and, on top of this, a small cross.

The south lateral portal is structured with five cross-positioned circular apertures and surrounded by a double circle.

Over the portal, remains a drip-course which, coupled with the protruding corbels, confirms the existence of a porched structure, but could not reach our times. Immediately upon the drip-course, two narrow crevices, of Romanesque flavour.

In the nave's front wall there is also a narrow crevice, over its gable, a terminal pattée cross.

In turn, the north façade is, in general, identical to the south one, except in the absence of signs of a drip-course ever had existed.
Façades of the Church of Jazente

The interior of the Church of Jazente is marked by simplicity: the granite in vestments is interrupted only by narrow crevices, much to the Romanesque taste, slightly illuminate the interior.

Noteworthy is its triumphal arch that, despite being broken, seems to be more of a depressed arch. However, the presence of two pilasters with Tuscan capitals, one on each side, leads us to believe that, between the 17th and 18th centuries, the intention was to transform this arch, dignifying it and increasing the opening of its span.

Regarding the altarpieces, these do not correspond to the usual interventions carried out in the 17th and 18th centuries and which changed the inner aspect of medieval churches: these are contemporary altarpieces of the 1930s and 1960s.

In the nave, close to the main entrance, on the Gospel side, we have the font, certainly of the late Romanesque. The base and bowl are both polygonal.

Restoration and Enhancement
Ouvir

With the integration of the Church of Jazente in the Route of the Romanesque, a general preservation project was designed for the inside of the building and outer spans, a contract to be performed soon.

Special attention will be given to the covered span which, inside, houses the image of Our Lady of Fátima and to the celebration area.

Gallery
  • No results were found.
Know More
Bibliography

[S.a.] - Fontes e Formas – Arquitectura – Conservação, salvaguarda e valorização da Igreja de Jazente. Porto, Amarante, Jazente. 2.ª fase: conservação geral do interior do imóvel e vãos exteriores. 2012. Texto policopiado.

Abade de Jazente. In Infopédia [Em linha]. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003-2012. [Consult. 2012-11-09].Disponível na WWW: <URL:http://www.infopedia.pt/$abade-de-jazente>.

Abade de Jazente. In Projecto Vercial [Em linha]. [Consult. 2012-11-09]. Disponível na WWW: <URL:http://alfarrabio.di.uminho.pt/vercial/jazente.htm>.

ALMEIDA, Carlos Alberto Ferreira de - História da arte em Portugal: o românico. Lisboa: Editorial Presença, 2001. ISBN 972-23-2827-1.

ALMEIDA, Carlos Alberto Ferreira de - "Primeiras impressões sobre a arquitetura românica portuguesa". Revista da Faculdade de Letras. Vol. 2 (1971).

BOTELHO, Maria Leonor; RESENDE, Nuno - Igreja de santa Maria de Jazente: Amarante. In ROSAS, Lúcia, coord. cient. – Rota do Românico. Lousada: Centro de Estudos do Românico e do Território, 2014. Vol. 1, p. 316-331.

BOTELHO, Maria Leonor - A historiografia da arquitcetura da época românica em Portugal. Porto: Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, 2010. Tese de doutoramento em história da arte portuguesa apresentada à Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, 2010. Texto policopiado.

CABRAL, Paulino António - Poesias. Porto: officina de Antonio Alvarez Ribeiro, 1786.

COSTA, A. Carvalho da - Corografia portugueza e descripçam topografica do famoso reyno de Portugal... Lisboa: Off. de Valentim da Costa Deslandes, 1706.

CRAESBEECK, Francisco Xavier da Serra - Memórias ressuscitadas da província de Entre-Douro-e-Minho no ano de 1726. Ponte de Lima: Carval.

GAMA, Arnaldo - Um motim ha cem annos: chronica portuense do seculo XVIII. Porto: Typographia do Commercio, 1861.

GOMES, Paulino, coord. - Amarante: uma ponte entre a história e a natureza. Paços de Ferreira: Anégia Editores, 1997. p.202.

HERCULANO, Alexandre, dir. - Portugalliae monumenta historica : o saeculo octavo post christum usque ad quintumdecimum: inquisiciones. Lisboa: Academia Scientiarum, 1867.

MACHADO, Diogo Barbosa - Bibliotheca lusitana. Lisboa: [Francisco Luiz Ameno], 1759.

MOREIRA, Domingos A. - "Freguesias da diocese do Porto: elementos onomásticos alti-medievais. II parte - inventariação onomástica, fascículo G-O". Boletim Cultural da Câmara Municipal do Porto. Vol. 3/4 (1985-6) 61-158.

NIZA, Paulo Dias de - Portugal sacro-profano... Lisboa: na Officina de Miguel Manescal da Costa, 1767.

PEREIRA, Manuel - [Memória Paroquial de] Jasente [Manuscrito]. 1758. Acessível em ANTT, Lisboa. PT-TT-MPRQ 18-147.

PORTUGAL. Ministério da Agricultura, Mar, Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território - IRHU/Arquivo ex-DGEMN/DREMN, Cx. 3216/3. Correspondência Igrejas do Concelho de Amarante.

PORTUGAL. Ministério da Agricultura, Mar, Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território - IRHU/Arquivo ex-DGEMN/DREMN - Processos vários, N.º IPA PT011301180014 [Em linha]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:http://www.monumentos.pt>.

PORTUGAL. Ministério das Finanças – Secretaria-geral – Arquivo. Comissão Jurisdicional dos Bens Cultuais, Porto, Amarante, Arrolamentos dos Bens Cultuais, Liv. 67, fl. 87-91v.

VASCONCELOS, Joaquim de; ABREU, Marques - A arte românica em Portugal: texto de Joaquim de Vasconcellos com reproducções seleccionadas e executas por Marques Abreu. Porto: Edições Illustradas Marques Abreu, 1918.

VITORINO, Pedro - "Tímpanos românicos ornamentados". Douro-Litoral. N.º 3 (1941) 5-17.

Downloads