The history of Tâmega and Sousa is inseparable from the aristocracy and religious orders. The cradle of the Nation has deep roots in this region, travelled by some of the key figures of the Foundation.
Egas Moniz, schoolmaster and governor of King D. Afonso Henriques and chief strategist in the Christian Reconquest, is one of the mentors of the development and significance of the region in Portuguese history.
The Ribadouros of Paço de Sousa, the Sousas or Sousões of Pombeiro, and the Baião, three of the five families who made up the first Portuguese nobility, are closely linked to the Tâmega and Sousa. Some of its noblemen occupied senior positions with the first Portuguese dynasty, actively contributing, during the Christian Reconquest, to the growth of the territory of the former Portucalense County.
Many of the men who fought the Arabs alongside Count D. Henry, King D. Afonso Henriques and King D. Sancho I were children of this land.
Their legacy, manifested in “Honras” [territories], Monasteries, Churches and other works of architecture, is the historical testimony of the importance of this region and the courage of its people.